Explained: Thermal throttling, why it happens and how to prevent it

Thermal throttling is a common term we usually hear in the context of laptops. It’s basically a safety measure that’s implemented to ensure that the laptop does not overheat. But, that’s not the only thing it does. It also protects the device from getting damaged and ensures its longevity. When a laptop’s internal temperature reaches a certain threshold, the CPU (central processing unit) will automatically reduce its clock speed to reduce the amount of heat being produced. This can cause a reduction in performance, as the CPU is not able to run at its full speed.Why do laptops have thermal throttling issues?There are several reasons why a laptop is having thermal issues. The basic reason behind it is that the laptop’s cooling system is not working properly and is unable to dissipate the heat generated by the internal hardware effectively. This can be caused by a number of factors, such as poor ventilation, high ambient temperatures and heavy usage of the device. Poor ventilation can be caused by blocked air vents, which can prevent cool air from entering the device and hot air from leaving. On the other hand, high ambient temperatures can be the reason that the laptops usual temperature is higher than usual and when in action it can further increase and end up overheating the laptop. Heavy usage of the device, such as gaming or running multiple programs at the same time, can also cause the device to overheat.How to prevent it from thermal throttling?Preventing a laptop from thermal throttling is easy. All you need to do is take care of your laptop beyond just wiping it daily for dust and smudges. The most important thing that one should keep in mind is that always use it on a hard surface as using a laptop on bed or cushion can block the air vents. Additionally, an external cooling pad can also help laptop’s temperature from rising beyond the prescribed limit. Monitoring the internal temperature of the device and using thermal management software can also help to prevent thermal throttling before it occurs. This software can alert the user when the temperature begins to rise and make adjustments to the performance of the device as necessary.Another way to prevent thermal throttling is to reduce the workload of the device. This can be done by closing unnecessary programs and background processes and limiting the number of programs running simultaneously. This can help to reduce the amount of heat being produced and prevent the device from overheating.It is also important to keep the device’s air vents clean and dust-free. Over time, the dust gets trapped around the open vents and ends up clogging them and reducing heat dissipation. While you can do it by yourself. But we advise you to head to the service centre and get it cleaned properly. Lastly, it’s important to ensure that the device is running the latest software and drivers. Outdated software and drivers can cause the device to run poorly and generate more heat than necessary, which can lead to thermal throttling.